Falkland Islands (commonly known as the Malvinas Islands)
Port of Stanley (Albanian called the Port of Argentina)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(Table content reference)
As of 2013, transportation in South America is dominated by railways and roads. Argentina and Brazil have relatively developed transportation, and Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela, Uruguay, Chile and other countries have denser road networks. The total length of South American highways is about 2 million kilometers, the total length of railways is about 85,000 kilometers, and the navigable mileage of inland rivers is about 100,000 kilometers.
South America is surrounded by the sea and has a long coastline. The coast of Chile in the southwest is particularly tortuous. Port Dara, the northernmost Panama Canal in South America is the world's marine transportation hub. The Drake Strait at the southern end is the only way to enter the Pacific from the Atlantic Ocean before the completion of the Panama Canal. The road is still an ideal transit point for many ships with larger tonnage. South American seaports are deep, large, and of high quality, making them ideal places for all kinds of ships to stop at. (Ports in South America, the bold ones are important ports) Panama: Port of Colon, Panama City, La Palma, David Colombia: Cartagena, Barranquilla, Xenaga, Riohacha, Buena Ventura Ecuador: Esmeraldas, Puerto Carax, Manta, Salinas, Guayaquil, Machala Peru: Tumbes, Talara, Chiclayo, Trujillo , Chimbote, Callao, Lima Chile: Arica, Iquique, Antofagasta, Serena, Valparaiso, Concepcion, Valdivia, Puerto Montt, Puerto Essen, Punta Arenas Argentina: Ushuaia, Rio Gallegos, Puerto de Santa Cruz, Puerto de Seado, San Julian, Commodore Rivadavia, Puerto Blanca, Mar del Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires Uruguay: Punta del Este, Montevideo Brazil: Rio Grande, Pelotas, Clisi Uma, Joinville, Curitiba, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Vitoria, Seguro, Ilhéus, El Salvador, Aracaju, Maceió, Recife, João Pessoa, Nata France , Fortaleza, San Luis, Belém, Macapa French Guiana: Cayenne, Courou, Saint Laurent Suriname: Albina, New Amsterdam, Paramaribo, New Nicole Guyana: New Amsterdam, Pakistan Tikka, Georgetown, South America, Venezuela: Carupano, Cumana, Porlamar, Puerto de la Cruz, Barcelona, Maiquetia, Puerto Cabello, Coro, Pontofijo, Cabimas Ojeda, Maracaibo
South America is the abbreviation of South America and is located in the western and southern hemispheres. It faces the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the north. The north and North America are bounded by the Panama Canal, and the south and Antarctica are across the Drake Channel. South America is the fourth largest continent by land area, with a land area of 17.84 million square kilometers. The Andes Mountains run through almost the entire western part of South America, with the highest mountain in the Americas-Mount Aconcagua. To the east of the Andes is the vast Amazon Basin, covering an area of more than 7 million square kilometers, most of which are tropical rain forests. Geology South America is a continent in the world with many volcanoes, frequent earthquakes and many strong earthquakes. The Cordillera is the main component of the volcanic belt on the east coast of the Pacific. There are 16 active volcanoes in the northern section of the Andes and more than 30 active volcanoes in the southern section. The Yoyeyako Volcano is 6723 meters above sea level and is the highest active volcano in the world. Earthquakes are most frequent in the Pacific coast area. Coastline The mainland coastline is about 28,700 kilometers long, relatively straight, and mostly eroded coasts that are aligned with the direction of the mountains. The Great Peninsula and Great Bay are missing. There are not many islands, mainly distributed in the southern coastal areas of the mainland. Water system Iguazu Falls Iguazu Falls South American water system is divided into the Andes of the Cordillera mountain system, the east and west belong to the Atlantic water system and the Pacific water system. The source of the Pacific water system is short and rapid, and most of them flow into the sea alone. Most of the rivers in the Atlantic water system have long origins, many tributaries, abundant water, and large drainage areas. Among them, the Amazon River is the river with the largest drainage area and the largest flow in the world, with more than 20 tributaries exceeding 1,000 kilometers. The main rivers in South America are Amazon, Parana, Paraguay, Negro, Uruguay, etc., with lengths of 6,440 kilometers, 4,700 kilometers, 2,550 kilometers, 2,000 kilometers, and 1,500 kilometers, respectively.
Location South America extends to Cape Branco in the east (34°46' west longitude, 7°09' south latitude), south to Cape Froard (71°18' west longitude, 53°54' south latitude), and west to Parc Cape Rinhas (81°20' west longitude, 4°41' south latitude), north to Cape Gainas (71°40' west longitude, 12°28' north latitude). The area is about 17.84 million square kilometers, accounting for about 12% of the world's total land area. From the geographical area, it is divided into: the northern countries of South America, including Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela and Colombia, and one area is French Guiana. Countries in the middle of the Andes, including Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The southern countries of South America, including Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay, one area is the Falkland Islands (also known as the "Malvinas Islands", disputed by Argentina and the United Kingdom). Brazil, a country in the eastern part of South America, accounts for about half of the total area of the mainland. Terrain The terrain of the South American continent can be divided into two longitudinal belts: the long and narrow Andes in the west, the plains below 300 meters above sea level in South America account for about 60% of the continent's area, the plateaus between 300 meters above sea level and 3000 meters above sea level, Hills and mountains account for about 33% of the continent's area, and plateaus and mountains above 3000 meters above sea level account for about 7% of the continent's area. The average elevation of the whole continent is 600 meters. Climate Most parts of South America have a tropical rainforest climate and a savannah climate. The climate is characterized by warm and humid, mainly tropical, and non-continental. Except for the mountains, the average temperature of the coldest month in winter is above 0℃ in the whole continent. The tropical area, which accounts for the main part of the mainland, has an average temperature of more than 20℃. Winter is much warmer than in North America. The western part of South America has a tropical desert climate and a Mediterranean climate, the Andes has an alpine climate, and southeastern South America has a subtropical monsoon and monsoon humid climate.